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Plant Species of the Amanos Mtn. NW-Slopes above Dörtyol (SE-Turkey, Hatay Province)
coll. & det. in the Framework of the Mountain Ecology Research ProjectLöKAT

(TU-Berlin, Inst. f. Ökologie, 1988-1997)
Compilation provided 2017 by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Harald Kehl AM-11
     
  List of Plant Species in the LöKAT data base
List of Plant Families in the LöKAT data base
Landscapes above Dörtyol (LöKAT Research Area)
Species identification system (in preparation)
TEMaps (large PDF/JPEG-Files) of the Research Project  
        Taxon. accord. to "Flora of Turkey and the East Aegaen Islands", Davis (1965-88, edit.), partly modif. accord. to Oberdorfer (1994
Fagaceae - Geraniaceae:
Fagaceae    
    Photograph 1) Herbarium
Fagus orientalis Lipsky
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
450 - 2.110m Eux mph -
   
  Remarks:
  author, #4 the similar F. sylvatica L.
presence: very common
lower middle montane belt to timber line (on soils derived from sandstone, partly on well developed calcaric soils)
Accepted name:
F.
sylvatica L. ssp. orientalis (Lipsky) Greuter & Burdet
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
     
Fagus sylvatica L. (for comparison only)
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
-- ES mph -
   
  Remarks:
  author, #1 typical European Beech forest, #3-4 shoots with nut cupules (closed), #5 cupule with 2 nuts.
presence: natural range of the European Beech extents from southern Sweden to Spain and Turkey
Beech forests needs humid atmosphere & well drained soils
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Quercis cerris L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
280 - 2.080m MedEux mph --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: very common
coline to upper middle montane belt, deciduous woodland communities
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus coccifera L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
270 - 1.350m Med mph --
   
  Remarks:
  author and S.Cimen
presence: very common
coastal area to middle montane belt
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus infectoria Oliv. ssp. boissieri Oliv.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
270 - 1.700m Med(MedEx) mph --
   
  Remarks:
  author and S.Cimen
presence: very common
coline to upper montane belt, deciduous woodland communities
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus ithaburensis Decne ssp. macrolepis (Kotschy) Hedge & Yalt.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
20 - 150m EM mph --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: rare
coline belt, single trees in fields, deciduous woodland communities, not incl. in the LöKAT species list
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus libani Olivier
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
900 - 1.370m Eux mph --
   
  Remarks:
  external: Wikipedia
presence: rare
only middle montane belt
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus petraea L. ssp. pinnatiloba C.Koch
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
700 - 2.080m MedEx mph t
   
  Remarks:
  author ( = Qu. petraea)
presence: common
middle montane to timberline, deciduous woodland communities
Accepted name: Q. petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. ssp. pinnatiloba (C. Koch) Menitsky
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus pubescens Willd.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.370m MedES mph --
   
  Remarks:
  author (#3-4) and external (#1-2): unknown
presence: very rare,
upper montane, deciduous woodland communities
Herbarium specimen must be checked (hybridisation - introgression are widespread), maybe X Qu. robur ssp. pedunculiflora
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus robur L. ssp. robur
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.500m ES mph --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: very rare
upper montane, deciduous woodland communities
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Quercus vulcanica Boiss. et Heldr.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.600m EM mph --
   
  Remarks:
  : --
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
   
Filicales 2)    
       
  Adiantaceae    
    Photograph Herbarium
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
450 - 1.050m MedES hkr -
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: very frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
  Ophioglossaceae    
  Photograph Herbarium
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
750m Temp Geo --
   
  Remarks:
  external: english-nature.org.uk / Anonymous Author
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
  Polypodiaceae    
    Photograph Herbarium
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
390 - 1.800m MedES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: Illustration from Scandinavian Ferns by Benjamin Øllgaard and Kirsten Tind, Rhodos, 1993
presence: very frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Asplenium cuneifolium Viv.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
600 - 2.205m ES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external:http://flora.nhm-wien.ac.at/Seiten-Arten/ Asplenium-cuneifolium.htm / © A. Mrkvicka
presence: frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Asplenium onopteris L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
280 - 1.010m Med hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: Wikipedia
presence: common
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Asplenium septentrionale (L.) Hoffm.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.990 - 2.050m ES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: Illustration from Scandinavian Ferns by Benjamin Øllgaard and Kirsten Tind, Rhodos, 1993, and
Schede di Botanica, photo by Enrico Romani (#1)
presence: rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Asplenium trichomanes L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
450 - 2.050m Temp hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external: Illustration from Scandinavian Ferns by Benjamin Øllgaard and Kirsten Tind, Rhodos, 1993 (#4)
presence: common
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Athyrium distentifolium Tausch
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.050m Temp hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external: © Joseph Hlasek (#3)
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Ceterach officinarum Willd.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
300 - 1.370m Pluri hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Dryopteris dilatata (Hoffm.) A.Gray
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.370m Temp hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: Wikipedia
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
950 - 1.930m Temp hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external: Illustration from Scandinavian Ferns by Benjamin Øllgaard and Kirsten Tind, Rhodos, 1993 (#5)
presence: very frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Dryopteris pallida (Bory) Fomin
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.350 - 2.080m Med hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: rare
only in moist and shady valleys, middle montane belt
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
450 - 1.200m Temp hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external (#1): © Andrea Lohmüller
presence: common
accept.name: Asplenium scolopendrium L.
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Polypodium australe Fée
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
270 - 950m MedES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: http://calphotos.berkeley.edu / © 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
presence: rare
Syn: P. cambricum L.
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Polypodium vulgare L. ssp. prionodes (Ascherson) Rothm.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
390 - 1.800m ES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: unknown
presence: common
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
700 - 1.050m ES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
 

author: for comparison #1-4 the similar P. braunii (Spenner) Fée; external #5: Wikipedia, P. aculeatum.
presence: rare.
Although the herbar specimen has been confirmed by B. Zimmer as P. aculeatum, the collected material should be checked.

   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Polystichum setiferum (Forskål) Woynar
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
650 - 1.350m Temp hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: biologie.uni-regensburg.de / © P. Schönfelder
presence: very frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
290 - 1.750m Cos geo --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: extremely common
remarks: acc. to EUNIS Pteridium aquilinum belongs to the plant family Hypolepidaceae
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
  Pteridaceae    
  Photograph Herbarium
Pteris cretica L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
310m Cos hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: pss.uvm.edu/pss123/fernpter.html
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Pteris vitata L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
350m ES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  external: barresfotonatura
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
  Sinopteridaceae    
  Photograph Herbarium
Cheilanthes marantae (L.) Domin *
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
810 - 2.050m MedES hkr --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external: caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de
presence: frequent

* acc. to EUNIS syn. of Notholaena marantae (L.) Desv.
fam. Adiantaceae
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Gentianaceae    
  Photograph Herbarium
Centaurium erythraea Rafn. ssp. turcicum (Velen.) Melderis
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
810 - 2.050m MedES hkr -
   
  Remarks:
  external: Wikipedia
presence: frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
     
Geraniaceae    
  Photograph Herbarium
Erodium amanum Boiss. & Kotschy
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
2.180m EM hkr amanos
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: very rare
Syn.: Erodium absinthoides var. amanum (Boiss. & Kotschy) Brumh.
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
     
Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hérit. ssp. cicutarium
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
810 - 1.030m ES the --
   
  Remarks:
  author
presence: common
   
 
 
   
 
 
   
       
Geranium columbinum L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
860 - 1.030m ES the --
   
  Remarks:
  external: Wikipedia
presence: rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Geranium lucidum L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
900 - 1.200m ES the --
   
  Remarks:
  author (#2-3) and external: flora.nhm-wien.ac.at / botany.csdl.tamu.edu
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Geranium molle L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
620 - 1.030m ES the --
   
  Remarks:
  external: botany.csdl.tamu.edu / FloraPhoto.com.au
presence: rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Geranium purpureum Vill.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
890m MedES the --
   
  Remarks:
  external: ruhr-uni-bochum.de/boga/ & rips-uis.lubw.baden-wuerttemberg.de / © Simon Wiggen / T.Muer
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Geranium pusillum Burm.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.350 - 1.370m Cos the --
   
  Remarks:
  external: © A.Ivorra
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Geranium robertianum L.
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
290- 1.300m Temp the --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external: © J.Hlasek
presence: very frequent
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
       
Geranium tuberosum L. ssp. tuberosum
 
 
Altitude (a.s.l.): Chorotype: Lifeform: Endemic:
1.500 - 2.140m Med geo --
   
  Remarks:
  author and external: Wikipedia
presence: very rare
   
 
 
   
 
 
     
     
 
1) Remarks:
 
  • 2) Herbarium specimen det. / confirm. by B. Zimmer, 1991, Mus. Bot. Berol.
  • External photographs and low quality scanned slides of the author will be replaced continuously.
  • Herbarium specimen of Scrophulariaceae and several Apiaceae have been dedicated on request to the RBG (Edinburgh, Scotland), and all the rest to the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem (Germany).
  • Taxonomy. acc. to "Flora of Turkey and the East Aegaen Islands", Davis (1965-88, edit.), partly modif. acc. to Oberdorfer (1994
 
Abbreviations:
   
  Chorotypes Lifeforms Endemics
         
  Med Mediterranean geo geophyte t Turkey
  EM East-Mediterranean the therophyte a Amanos
  IT Irano-Turanian hkr hemi-kryptophyte sa S-Amanos
  Eux Euxinian nch nano-chamaephyte
  ES Euro-Siberian ch chamaephyte
  Med/ES bi-regional mch macro-chamaephyte
  Cos Cosmopolitan nph nano-phanerophyte
  Pluri pluri-regional ph phanerophyte
  Temp temperate areas mph macro-phanerophyte
 
 
 
Additional Information on the Research Project and other related activities:
 
 
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Formerly TU-Berlin - Institut für Ökologie
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