Hommage Reinhard Bornkamm Startseite der Vorlesung LV-TWK TUB - Institut für Ökologie

Zur Erforschung der 'Western Desert of Egypt'
(Ecological Studies in the Libyan Desert of Egypt and N-Sudan / vegetation ecology of the Sahara - 1982-1987)

Zusammengestellt von Dr. Harald Kehl - ehemals TU-Berlin, Fak. VI, Inst. f. Ökologie
(Compiled by Dr. Harald Kehl - formerly TU-Berlin, Fak. VI, Inst. f. Ökologie)

back Lecture: Vegetation ecology of tropical and subtropical climates
sEp SiteMap Hommage Bornkamm
Runnel vegetation in NW-Egypt, near Mersa Matruh, 2. shallow escarpment:
  "Runnel vegetation" of   R a q a b e t   E l   S i k k a
Satellite image of the area under research
Vegetation distribution map
Table with vegetation units and included species of the units (incl. frequency and coverage values)
  • Satellite image of the area under research with the idealized vegetation distribution map as a transparent layer. Research are: NE-Africa, NW-Egypt, northern edge of the Marmarica Plateau, 2nd shallow escarpment with runnels and the beginning of several wadis, ca. 29km SSE of Mersa Matruh, ca. 18km SW from the coast. For co-ordinates compare the map below!
  Abb. / Fig. D2-01/01 (above):
Vegetation distribution map of the Raqabet El Sikka runnel with zonal arrangement of vegetation units (idealised contour lines). P42 to P426 are soil profiles which will be not discussed in this contribution.
  Abb. / Fig. D2-01/03 (above):
Distribution of Plant Communities - Raqabet el Sikka.
    Tab. D2-01/01:
Zonal arrangement of vegetation units, and species forming the units of the Raqabet El Sikka runnel. Frequency and coverage according to Braun-Blanquet.


  • Th = Therophytes, H = Hemi-Cryptophytes, Ch = Chamaephytes, N-P = Nano-Phanerophytes


  • m = Mediterranean, em = East-Mediterranean, it = Irano-Turanian, sa = Saharo-Arabian, su = Sudanian, m/it, m/sa, sa/it etc. = bi- and pluri-regionals
    Abb. / Fig. D2-01/04 (above):
Typical runnel vegetation near Mersa Matruh, northern edge of the Marmarica Plateau, 2nd shallow escarpment. It is not the same location as described above.

Further information:

  • Bornkamm, R. & H. Kehl (1990) The plant communities of the Western desert of Egypt.- Phytocoenologia 19(2): 149-231.
  • Kehl, H. & R. Bornkamm (1988) The change of soil-vegetation interrelation with increasing aridity in the northern part of Egypt.- International Conference on 'Plant Growth, Drought and Salinity in the Arab Region', Giza, Egypt, 3-7 December. More: Link Abstract [date of access: 08.05.04]
  • Kehl, H., K. Stahr & J. Gauer (1984) Soil-Vegetation Relationship of a small Catchment Area on the Libyan Plateau in N.W. Egypt.- Berliner geowiss. Abh. (A) 50: 303-324.
  • Stahr, K., R. Bornkamm, J. Gauer & H. Kehl (1985) Veränderung von Böden und Vegetation am Übergang von Halbwüste zur Vollwüste.- Geoökodynamik 6: 99-120.
Copyright © H. Kehl
ehemals TU-Berlin - Institut für Ökologie